Planet of Slums by Mike Davis
This book gives insight about slum situation. Firstly, it describes history of climate of urban areas, formation and existence of slums, situation of state and the concept of self-help. Furthermore, slum ecology, effect of slums on third world and a surplus humanity are discussed in detail which really help to understand the formation of slums in past decades.
Housing & Real State Development
Housing is the basic necessity of life and all human beings try to get it but it is not possible for all classes to opt it. Therefore, there is need to have a look in this sector. Status of housing and construction sector, national housing policy, procedural guidelines & rules for launching private housing scheme, housing and real estate development in Punjab province and other provinces are also discussed in detail. Perspective of state bank of Pakistan, procurement of land and involvement of foreign companies in housing sector is also described in this document.
Housing, Marginalization and Mobility in Pakistan: Residential Security as Social Protection
Residential security and housing are central to social protection agenda in most developed countries, but mostly neglected in developing countries. In countries such as Pakistan urban planning is skewed in favour of housing for the rich and the middle classes. In rural areas where traditional forms of social organisation dominate institutions for access to land, residential security and housing remain pervasive yet mostly invisible correlates of social marginalisation. Access to housing is examined here in the context of government interventions for residential security for the poor in three regions of Pakistan. It is argued that a transformative social protection agenda in Pakistan must include measures for residential security.
This paper presents findings on the linkage between housing and social marginalisation in rural and urban areas, and on the impact and limitations of past and current interventions. Collective action on the part of the socially marginalised around housing in general, and the government interventions, in particular is analyzed to compare the relative strengths and weaknesses of different approaches to social protection delivery. Finally, there is an attempt at understanding the politics of social protection at the national and the community levels. This synthesis paper draws extensively upon more detailed empirical papers on each of the three government schemes for residential security, and a fourth review paper which documents recent developments with respect to the scale and scope of social protection policy in Pakistan (Gazdar 2010; Gazdar and Mallah 2010a, 2010b, 2010c).
List of Housing Schemes in Lahore
This document simply provides the list of housing schemes in Lahore alphabetically.
Low Income Housing Strategies in Pakistan With Focus on Urban Housing
For the first time in history, humans are predominantly urban. Cities occupy less than 2% of the earth’s land surface, but house almost half of the human population and use 75% of resources we take from earth. This paper attempts to describe the need and demand of housing in Pakistan, different housing policies adopted in their political and economic scenario of the country. Then, the reasons of the failure of the housing policies are analysed. When the housing policies of the formal sector failed, the informal sector stepped in to provide housing for the urban poor. This paper also reviews informal housing strategies and experiments of combing of formal and informal housing strategies.
National Housing Policy 2001
This policy document provides guideline for housing to Pakistan by discussing issues and problems, strategy aims and objectives, available finance and management for housing sector.
Sleep Comes All the Way: A Study of Homeless People in Lahore, Pakistan
Present study is an attempt to explore the experiences of homeless people about their life and living standards. The population of this study consisted of those homeless people who are living in Lahore and using different public places to sleep. The universe of this study was Lahore city and within city three areas Chaoburji, Data Darbar and Ichhra were selected for in-depth interviews with respondents. Purposive sampling technique was used to select respondents. In-depth interview was technique of data collection and Interview guide was tool of data collection. Questions were asked initially about the issues of homelessness and then probed for more information depending upon whatever they emphasized (Jerolmack 2007). Total 12 in-depth interviews were conducted. The interviews were conducted during 8:00 pm to 00:00 because the respondents were only accessible at night as they were busy in their labor during day time. All interviews were conducted at open places where respondents were available. Interviews were audio recorded with permission of respondents.
LDA Building By-Laws, Enforcement Strategies & Monitoring Mechanism
This presentation provides detail about LDA jurisdiction, existing building controls and monitoring mechanisms, legal framework under LDA Act-1975, current problems and issues with suggestions.
Social Housing & Social Exclusion 2000-2011
By some definitions, social housing, social housing tenants are necessarily socially excluded. In other terms, in 2000, social housing tenants were at greater risk of being socially excluded than owner occupiers and private renters on measures of income, employment, education, health, and housing and neighbourhood quality. However, by 2011, basic housing quality in social housing had overtaken that in home ownership, and slight reductions in social exclusion of social tenants in terms of income, employment, and neighbourhood quality at least disproved arguments of inevitable tenurial polarisation. There is evidence that housing and regeneration policies contributed to these changes, but the economy was also important, and population turnover is likely to have played a role. Finally, the gains of 2000-2011 may not be sustained.
Community Development Groups in the Urban Field in Pakistan
The Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC) in Pakistan has so far concentrated its activities on providing assistance to rural development. However, between 1972 and 1981, the urban population of Pakistan has increased from 25 percent of Pakistan’s total population to 28 percent and is projected to be 40 percent by the year ‘2000. This enormous increase has led to the creation of a host of problems for Pakistan’s urban centres. The main objective of this study is to help in the formulation of a strategy for the involvement of the SDC in the urban sector in Pakistan. As this involvement is to be limited to the lower-income groups, the study deals only with those planning and development issues and programmes in the formal sector, which have effected, are effecting, or are likely to effect the urban poor in the future. The informal sector and NGO activity, however, is dealt with in greater detail.
Katchi Abadis, The Problems And Ways To A Solution
This book provides information about Katchi Abadi in detail. It explains what outsider thinks about slums, what are limitations of system, how Katchi Abadis formed and what are their types. The government roles in handing slums, the policy implementation and preventing measures need to be taken. There is also detail description available about Khuda Ki Basti (KKB).
Living on the Edge
This document describes the story of residents living in the slum of Karachi, their standard of living and their views. The City District Government Karachi (CDGK) and Sindh katchi Abadi Authority (SKAA) has involved in regularization of slums. Urban Resource Centre Karachi has provided supported residents and government for the regularization and development of neglected areas. It talks about how slum dwellers lives in Katchi Abadis apart from city.
Physical Impact Assessment of KAtchi Abadi Improvement Programme in Punjab-Pakistan
The main objective of the study was to assess the physical impact-changes happened/made in the overall physical fabrics for the Katchi Abadi Improvement Programme that was implemented from 1985 to 1990. The main emphasis was to assess the changes in the layout of the settlements-katchi abadis, construction of houses, addition of rooms, and changes made in the covered area of the houses in the Punjab province. Seven hundred households from the katci abadis of three districts (Rawalpindi, Faisalabad and Multan) which are representatives of three geographical zones (Northern, Central and Southern) of the Punjab province were selected by using the systematic random sampling technique. The analysis of the data revealed that KIP has major positive impact on the above mentioned physical aspects. The average covered area before the implementation of KIP was 1.8 marla and at the time of survey it was 2.8 marla, about 76.5 percent households increased the covered area, about 63% made improvement in the construction, 57.6% perceived better about the security of tenure and 63.1 percent perceived better about the layout plan improved due to implementation of Katchi Abadi Improvement Programme (KIP). This all indicates the positive impact of KIP on the physical aspects of the of katchi abadis.
Shelter for the Poor: Legislation and Enforcement A Case Study of Islamabad
Since the 1960s, major cities in Pakistan have faced an unprecedented rate of urbanization and increasing poverty. As a consequence, an uncontrolled proliferation of slums (Katchi Abadis) was seen. The populations of slums lack the most basic municipal services, such as water supply, sanitation, waste collection or infrastructure etc. Many approaches have been adopted to solve this problem but it still remains a big challenge for urban planners and development actors.
This research study is being carried out with a purpose (1) to explore the historic perspective of slums in Pakistan in general and in Islamabad in particular (2) to review the policies and status of their implementation, (3) to assess the gaps in implementation of the policies (4) to take stock of the issues emerged as a result of implementation gaps (5) to analyze the perspective of rights holders and duty bearers and (6) to explore possible and viable suggestions to devise future course of action. In terms of methodology, a team of two researchers has carried out this research and analysis based on
a) review of secondary data b) Individual Interviews c) focus group discussions with stakeholders and d) triangulation and verification of findings of the secondary review with the primary information collected during FGDs with rights holders and duty bearers.
This study has exposed many gaps in the process of dealing with the issue of Katchi Abadis in capital city. Some of the major remains the denial of the Issue for quite a long time, unorganized communities with leadership deficit, delay in Implementation process, overlooking complementary measures to facilitate the dwellers. Furthermore, it is quite evident that the strategic approach to development remains missing, and the policy formulation process was top-down with weak community consultation mechanism.
Social-Cultural Impact of Katchi Abadi Improvement Programme on Squatters
The main objective of the study was to assess the socio-cultural impact of the Katchi Abadi Improvement Programme (KIP) that was implemented from 1985 to 1990 on the dwellers-squatters in the Punjab. Seven hundred households from the katchiabadis of three districts (Rawalpindi, Faisalabad and Multan) which are representatives of three geographical zones (Northern, central and Southern) of the Punjab were selected by using the systematic random sampling technique. The analysis of the data revealed that KIP has impact on the household’s size, number of households living in the structure, type of family, status and type of occupancy, community conflicts, visits of the relatives and friends, choices of children marriages and movement of the women, children and venders. The average household size at the time of survey was 8.17 as compared to 11 in 1985. The community conflicts were reduced greatly after the implementation of KIP. The movement of the women, children and venders increased after the improvement undertaken through the implementation of KIP. The frequency of the visit of the relatives was increased after the improvement made by the implementation of KIP and a major change in the type of family from Joint to Nuclear was also observed. This all indicate the positive impact of KIP on the socio-cultural aspects of the dwellers of katchi abadis– squatters. It can be inferred that KIP was relatively successful; however, it can be further improved.